The concept of green cities – A new approach in urban planning, experiences and examples

“I remember working with the ORCA mentor as a very positive experience, which was extremely useful for me. In addition to help in choosing literature and data sources, help with writing an abstract and the structure of a research paper, the sharing of experiences helped me a lot.”

Milica further explains that sharing of experience about scientific work was very helpful to her, as well as experience in writing a doctoral dissertation, submitting a topic, and later being selected for research and scientific positions.

Milica points out that it means a lot for a young person (like her then), who is at the very beginning of her scientific career, to receive so much useful information, recommendations and advice from someone who has successfully gone through it all.

After the publication of her scientific work, consultations helped Milica to approach the topics of her doctoral dissertation, and all the knowledge related to the concept of green cities and green infrastructure, which she acquired during the ORCA Academy, will be included in two chapters dealing with that topic.

Summary of the research paper

Urban environments in developing countries face a big challenge: how to meet the needs for economic development while simultaneously improving the quality of the environment?

In light of climate change and other global threats, it is necessary to find an adequate response that will minimize negative impacts, establish sustainability, preserve nature and improve the living conditions of people in cities.

One of the modern city planning models that offers mechanisms for solving the mentioned problems is the concept of Green Cities.

The concept is very well accepted at the international level, and it is important to emphasize that in 2016, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development launched a project called EBRD Green Cities and presented the methodology for creating Green City Action Plans (GCAP), along with guidelines and tools that the cities – participants in the project will be able to adopt and apply at the local level.

Currently, the initiative includes 32 cities from Central Europe and Asia, the Southern and South-Eastern Mediterranean region and the Western Balkans (EBRD Green City Region). Common to all cities is that they face numerous development problems, especially infrastructural, demographic and environmental.

The paper provides a brief overview of the three Action Plans adopted so far (GCAP Yerevan, Tbilisi and Tirana), with the aim of identifying common principles, guidelines and planned activities. Examples of good practice are critically reviewed and specific planning solutions are given as a starting point for planning the future sustainable and green development of the City of Belgrade.

You can read the entire research paper here.

About Milica Lukić

Milica Lukić is a graduate spatial planner. Since 2018, she has been employed at the University of Belgrade – Faculty of Geography as a researcher. He deals with scientific research in the field of spatial planning and environmental protection.

The focus of Milica’s scientific work is the sustainable future of cities: how to harmonize the planning and development of cities with climate change, how to establish a balance between the constant pressure on the expansion and construction of urban areas and the preservation of urban biodiversity, how to develop green infrastructure in cities with the aim of improving outdoor thermal comfort.

Milica has always been interested in how to live more sustainably in cities and other settlements, so she decided to study spatial planning at the Faculty of Geography.

She is currently working on her doctoral dissertation, where she studies how the climate of Belgrade has changed in the last 30 years, and how the consequences of climate change can be mitigated by the development of green infrastructure in Belgrade. Her goal is to present a modern methodology that can help make life in Belgrade better, both for humans and for all other living beings.

Milica Lukić
Graduated spatial planner